ISSN 1997-9657
       

Бюргер К. Эффективное дошкольное образование: успешные подходы и дидактические стратегии содействия развитию ребенка

№03 2017 Бюргер К. Эффективное дошкольное образование: успешные подходы и дидактические стратегии  содействия развитию ребенка
Аннотация

В данной статье предпринята попытка определить стратегии, которые могут быть использованы
в образовательных программах в дошкольном образовании для содействия когнитивному и социально-эмоциональному развитию детей. Путем синтеза эмпирического опыта использования педагогических техник, стимулирующих формирование компетенций у детей, автор преследует цель установить такие характерологические параметры программ, которые, прежде всего, способствуют эффективности дошкольного образования. Особое внимание в статье уделено стратегиям, которые обеспечивают освоение детьми языка, математики и социально-эмоциональных навыков. Таким образом, статья отвечает запросам специалистов, которые занимаются многочисленными вопросами
и потребностями развития детей дошкольного возраста, сталкивающихся с проблемами. Представлено конкретное руководство для авторов программ и административно-управленческого персонала, стремящихся разработать целенаправленные программы, которые будут эффективно работать на пользу развития детей.

Фрагмент статьи

* Kaspar Burger (2015) Effective early childhood care and education: Successful approaches and didactic strategies for fostering child development, European Early Childhood Education Research Journal. Vol. 23, No. 5, 743–760, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1350293X.2014.882076. Публикуется с любезного разрешения журнала European Early Childhood Education Research Journal.

Введение

В настоящей работе представлен анализ практических исследований для установления педагогических стратегий, которые оказывают эффективное положительное влияние на развитие детей. В статье кратко изложены полученные в ходе исследований научно обоснованные практики, применяемые в дошкольном образовании. В частности, рассмотрены стратегии, которые способствуют развитию языковых, математических и социально-эмоциональных навыков у детей. Таким образом, сделана попытка определить набор стратегий, которые послужат повышению эффективности дошкольного образования. При этом важно убедительно доказать полезность предлагаемого подхода не только ученым, но и персоналу, работающему в сфере дошкольного образования, а также авторам программ, которым необходима информация практической направленности, раскрывающая возможности развития навыков детей в различных сферах.

Данная статья не является исчерпывающим обзором в том смысле, что в нее включены не все исследования, посвященные изучению данных вопросов и опубликованные за рассматриваемый период времени. В статье сделан акцент на факты, полученные в исследованиях, имеющих практическую значимость для развития детей. В связи с этим данная работа излагает педагогические стратегии, положительно влияющие на освоение навыков, которые необходимы, чтобы справиться с повседневными вызовами в дошкольный и школьный периоды. Она состоит из трех основных разделов, отражающих стратегии, способствующие развитию языковых навыков, математических навыков, социально-эмоциональных навыков. Кроме того, в статье обсуждаются этические аспекты развития ребенка, а также подведены итоги, каким образом может быть оказано эффективное содействие развитию детей.

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Правила использования
Правообладателем настоящей статьи разрешается её использование только для личного некоммерческого использования в образовательных целях. Издатель не несёт ответственности за содержание материалов статьи.

Ключевые слова

дошкольное образование, развивающие навыки, эффективные подходы, язык, математика, социально-экономическое развитие